Wendell Dabney: First Cincy NAACP President and Newspaper Founder

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    dabney-dmThroughout black history month, we’ll be inspiring you with Cincinnatians who have found the path to success, no matter what barrier they faced. Today, we put the spotlight on Wendell P. Dabney. 

    via: library.cincymuseum.org

    In 1894, Dabney came to Cincinnati to settle some business regarding property willed to his mother. He intended to stay only for a few months. During a trip to Indiana, however, he met Nellie Foster Jackson, a widow with two sons, whom he eventually married in 1897. Dabney decided to settle in Cincinnati, so he improved the property left to his mother and established a music studio. He began teaching music to many prominent Cincinnati families and eventually became involved in politics. Dabney served as the first African American city paymaster and was the first president of the local chapter of the NAACP.

    In an attempt to increase attention to issues of the African American community, Dabney entered the field of newspaper publishing. In 1902, he started The Ohio Enterprise, predecessor to The Union, which Dabney published from 1907 until 1952. Although Dabney accepted funds from the Republican Party for the newspaper and endorsed Republican candidates, he remained critical of their treatment of African Americans and used the paper as a voice of protest for the African American community in general. In the early 1920s, however, Dabney broke with the Republicans and shortly thereafter worked with the City Charter Committee. Until his death in 1952, Dabney continued to struggle against prejudice and used The Union to champion the cause of African Americans.

    In addition to his publishing activities, Dabney also wrote books and composed music. He compiled and published Cincinnati’s Colored Citizens in 1926 and wrote Maggie L. Walker: The Woman and Her Work, a biography of one of his long time friends who became the first African American woman to own a bank. Dabney also published Chisum’s Pilgrimage and Others, a collection of his writings from The Union. The music he composed includes You Will Miss the Colored Soldier; My Old Sweetheart; and God, Our Father, a Prayer.

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